Archive for May, 2013

201305250636682Abdel Latif el-Menawy

My grief over the situation our countries have reached deepened while I was attending the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa that is held every two years and that took place at the Dead Sea in Jordan this year. When I entered the conference hall that carries the name of late King Hussein, I remembered when this same conference was hosted by Egypt in Sharm al-Sheikh in 2008. All participants found it a really impressive conference. Back then, Egypt succeeded in convincing the World Economic Forum that the conference is alternately held at both Sharm al-Sheikh and the Dead Sea. Of course, this hasn’t happened ever since, and I do not think it will happen soon. Back then, I felt that the first thing I must do is send a letter to engineer Rashid Mohamed Rashid, not to send it as his friend, but as an Egyptian thanking him for all the efforts he made for Egypt. Rashid is the man behind this accomplishment of hosting the conference in Sharm al-Sheikh.

Back to the recent conference held in Jordan. Throughout the entire conference, everyone I met who realized I was from Egypt voiced his sadness over the country’s current situation. They spoke with a pitiful tone, and they all said “Egypt does not deserve what it is going through.” I felt I was from a country confronting a catastrophe. A deep sense of bitterness reigned over me.

Comparison between hopes and reality

This year, the conference’s title was “Improving Growth and Continuity Reasons.” What is meant here is the ability to maintain the continuity of growth. Providing job opportunities for youths was the most discussed topic at the conference. I realized that as I was listening to the ongoing debates, I was unconsciously remembering Egypt. I continued to feel bitter as I compared what we are going through with what is happening in the world, and as I compared the rhetoric I heard with the rhetoric that has prevailed in our country, thanks to our new rulers. At the conference, they adopted a realistic rhetoric whose bases are scientific whilst Egypt’s leaders adopt my “grandmother’s” rhetoric in which statements like “God’s bounties are many” and “if we strike the ground with our hands, we will find the entire world’s bounties” are used. Our leaders speak as such whilst the economy is collapsing. They are living an illusion and drowning us with them. Such statements which are drowned in illusion, deceit and denial were echoed by an Egyptian minister who spoke of Egypt’s economy as if he was speaking of Japan’s economy! He boded that there will be cheerful news within the upcoming weeks and commended the great efforts carried out by the current government to reform what the former regime corrupted. You can easily tell that those who were listening to him were either in a state of disbelief or carelessness. I do not think that the minister was aware that most of the attendees actually know the truth of Egypt’s current economic situation through the available information in international organizations.

Speaking of facts, we met with Mr. Masood Ahmed, the International Monetary Fund Middle East and Central Asia Department’s director. Whilst talking about the stance of the Egyptian loan from the IMF, he tried to present accurate details in a very diplomatic and polite manner that harmonizes with his personality as it appeared to be. Mr. Masood said what implies that agreements reached with previous Egyptian governments were not implemented and that the situation now is that the current Egyptian government has once again begun preparing an economic reform project. He added that the Egyptian government said it has new visions in its project and that it will submit the latter to the IMF to study it and evaluate it in order to carry out negotiations on the loan from there. What I understood is that the issue regarding the loan is still at square one. Therefore, the most important economic “achievement” of the Brotherhood’s governance is still in phase one.

On the level of Egypt’s representation at the conference this year, it seemed that there was a clear decline of this representation on the official level. The Egyptian presence surprised many attendees and made them wonder “is this the Egypt that we know?” When speaking about Egypt, speakers all stated that it was a model of a country going through a crisis. Although, their reactions on the size of this crisis and the possibility of overcoming it varied, everyone except Egyptian officials agreed that it was a difficult crisis.

What really caught attention regarding Egypt’s participation at the conference was the participation of Mr. Imad Abdel Ghafour, the famous Salafi leader and the president’s aide. The man made sure he was present throughout the entire conference. The problem is that he thought that just being there and wandering in the conference’s hallways while drawing a smile that appears tolerant was enough to get the job done. But this is not enough. Not until you judge that the man has good intentions. This does not represent a country or a policy. His participation in one of the sessions on Islamic cabinets was one of the most controversial participations. When he began to speak about the situation in Egypt, I remembered those who bet that a disagreement between the Brotherhood and the Salafis is the way out of the current crisis. When I heard him say “is there really a difference?” my answer was clear. There is no difference there.

When Mr. Abdel Ghafour entered the hall, Mr. Ammar al-Hakim, the prominent Iraqi Shiite scholar and politician, was there. Mr. Abdel Ghafour made sure he does not shake hands with Hakim. Everyone noticed to the extent that one of the attendees commented saying Abdel Ghafour has to improve relations with other Muslim sects before addressing relations with Christians.

Abdel Ghafour also completely underestimated the issue of Copts in Egypt and dropped a bomb when he said: “We are working to normalize relations between Muslims and Copts in Egypt.” While I was walking out of the hall, I heard one participant telling another: “Did you hear him when he said that those who benefited from tourism before were 300 people? Doesn’t he know that tourism is an industry in which at least one million people benefit? How does he show up [to the session] without possessing facts and numbers?” The other participant responded: “It is simple. Did you hear him as he spoke of naturalizing relations with the Copts?”

As for the Egyptian presence on the level of liberals and intellectuals… now that’s another topic!

downloadAbdel Latif el-Menawy

The treacherous operation that killed 16 Egyptian soldiers in Sinai in the holy month of Ramadan last year was not surprising to some prominent authority officials, as was said back then.

Before the incident, there were leaks that reached high-ranking officials within the authority at least two weeks before the operation was carried out. These leaks said an operation on the borders was being planned. According to the leaks, the operation will kill a number of Egyptians, and a “limited” Israeli response will follow but it will be overlooked by Egypt.

The leaks added that this incident will be exploited to embarrass the army and push it out of the circle of political action. Two weeks following this information, the operation that killed our soldiers was carried out. The incident was exploited as we saw and the army command was gotten rid of. After this move, the Brotherhood launched its continuous attempts to control the army. However, the Brotherhood failed to do so because of the armed forces’ new command’s firm stance. So far, the new command has confronted the Brotherhood’s attempts with great patriotism and wit.

The army’s political influence

After the soldiers were killed in Ramadan, the first thing the government did was push the army towards the battle in Sinai. Back then, some analyzed this move as one aiming to deprive the army of political influence and push it towards a clash with groups that were once allied with the Brotherhood. But it’s okay to get rid of these groups – if possible – through the army. This at least guarantees involving the army in the swamp of fighting terrorism. This is similar to previous attempts aiming to alter the army’s combat doctrine and priorities, in which fighting terrorism falls first.

So, after the incident in Ramadan, the military operation in Sinai began. It seems that the army command realized the risks it was being pushed towards and that contradict with the military institution’s stances. So, the army command’s operation focused on besieging the terrorists, arresting them and handing them over to the political authority to perform its duties. Army forces made sure to carry out the operation with the least number of victims. It seems that this was not met by the Brotherhood’s satisfaction. The ruling party realized that this embarrasses it in front of its allies. The result was that the operation was halted. The presidency institution began marketing ideas of dialogue and reconciliation with these “terrorist” groups. Allow me to note that the term “terrorist” is my own description. The institutions of the Brotherhood’s state never described these groups as terrorist. The presidency institution, which is linked to the Brotherhood, did not describe the incident in which soldiers were killed as a terrorist act. It described it as a “criminal” act.

Therefore, what was issued by the presidency after soldiers were recently kidnapped was not surprising. The statement said that President Mursi made emphasized that efforts are underway to release the soldiers and maintain the lives of both, the kidnapped and the kidnappers. Yes, maintain the lives of the kidnappers. A presidential spokesperson tried to explain the latter statement two days after the statement was made. One of his friends asked him about it. He responded with: “This statement must be clearly (understood) that a hostage cannot be (treated equally) like a kidnapper.”

Political efforts

The result of political efforts has not appeared yet by the time of writing this article. But whatever the situation is after this article is published, there are clear present facts despite all attempts to conceal them. One of the most important of facts is that what happened and what may happen is a series of attempts to involve the army in trouble and engage it in a crisis that allows the Brotherhood to control it, rehabilitate it and alter its combat doctrine according to what suits its goals. The least the Brotherhood wants is to place the army in a tense bloody relation with an important segment of the Egyptian people. This is tantamount to keeping the army busy and neutralizing it when it comes to the aspect of it being a power capable of altering the political formula in any suitable moment.

Another important point is that the Brotherhood and the presidency have not until now issued a clear statement that condemns these groups and describes them as terrorists. On the contrary, the Brotherhood members and followers insist to call them as jihadists. I don’t recall that Mursi or other Brotherhood official ever described these groups with what they really are. There is rather a clear extent of hypocrisy reigning over the relation between them. What can also be noticed is that the Brotherhood and its people in different state institutions said they “did not mind” that the army launches a military operation. Their entire statements have always been void of a clear condemnation of the terrorist act. The man who used to make a record number speeches and statements kept silent and even deprived us of his tweets.

It is also acceptable to exploit this incident to request “uniting” behind the political leadership. Those affiliated with the Brotherhood attempted to market and exploit the situation to achieve political aims that serve the Brotherhood’s interests. We thus have the right to ask: Who made Sinai a refuge for terrorists? Isn’t it the leadership that welcomed them to violate Egypt’s sanctity? And today, the leadership does not even dare describe what they really are!

It does not seem that there is any concern other than the concern to place the army in an embarrassing situation – a situation that is not dissimilar than the incident of the murder of soldiers and an incident which a number of leaders knew may happen. It is also similar to the state of complete disregard of the Egyptians’ desire to know who killed our soldiers and similar to the state’s and the Brotherhood’s concern to conceal the results of the investigation. This allowed news to spread on several websites stating that some of the Brotherhood youths are involved in the abduction. Some of this news specified that three of the abductors are Brotherhood members. But ignoring this type of news has always been the case!

*This article was written hours before the release of the kidnapped security personnel, however my opinion still stands on the situation in Sinai.

Unanswered questions on Sinai

Posted: May 20, 2013 in Alarabiya

Abdellatif ElmenawyAbdel Latif el-Menawy

Sinai’s problems have certainly not been resolved. What we can agree on is that problems are mounting in the peninsula. What could have been resolved before has become a thornier issue and extremely difficult to resolve. This is down to an impulsive manner which has been adopted by the government when dealing with national security issues – a manner that has increased problems and further complicated them.

The extreme decline in concern over in what is happening in Sinai, in addition to leaving it as prey for “terrorist” groups, is the beginning of the collapse of the state’s authority over Sinai.

The reasons for this collapse are not only the security problems that Sinai suffers from; nor are they a product of leaving Sinai’s doors wide open for extremist groups reveling in it anyway they want, or considering it Gaza’s garden instead of considering it an important part of Egyptian land that Egyptians scarified their blood to regain.

The major reason is the style of governance adopted towards this issue ever since the current government assumed power. Under the current regime, Sinai has become a hotbed for the world’s terrorists and a safe haven for anyone escaping pursuit. The world’s terrorists rushed to go to Sinai considering it as the Caliphate state that the Brotherhood granted them.

The crisis is not limited to this. But Sinai has become a permanent and stable residence and so, old as well as new jihadi and al-Qaeda groups that we’ve heard of before, begin to spread. Borders on the other side were opened for their Islamist extremist and jihadi relatives to reside in Sinai doing whatever they want, attacking Egyptian police and army, kidnapping their members and also killing them.

Sinai’s suffering?

It is certain that the current situation, after soldiers were kidnapped by “terrorist” groups raises a lot of questions, condemnations and interpretations. These questions must be answered. It is not acceptable to consider this abduction as an expression of the suffering of Sinai’s people and a reflection of their chronic problems because this suffering and these problems had already existed before but they have never reached this extent of kidnapping soldiers.

The second issue is that Sinai’s people disagree with the general logic of resorting to abduction for the sake of having the state meet their demands even when it came to demands of releasing their family members. Ever since explosions in Dahab, Taba and Sharm al-Sheikh and the detentions that followed of people from Sinai, residents of the latter protested to call for the release of their family members but the situation did not escalate to resorting to abduction. Another thing is that those whom demands are being made to release are not those who have been arrested without evidence against them in the case of the armed attempt to raid a police station in el-Arish, as they’ve previously said.

Another point that raises questions is that the current regime has not taken a single positive step that confirms its commitment to reach a solution or address the problems in Sinai. On the contrary, its behavior has always been one that raises a lot of suspicions regarding the extent of the regime’s holding on to Sinai or regarding the regime’s concern in resolving its residents’ problems. and not resolving other problems at the expanse of Sinai and its people. This raises further questions that must be answered as well.

What is the current regime’s political stance regarding the destruction of the Gaza tunnels? Why hasn’t there been a single political stance that confirms commitment and desire to destroy these tunnels especially since there is no justification for them anymore with the permanent opening of the Rafah border?

Why hasn’t there been one clear stance regarding the mechanism of the operation to hunt down “terrorist” groups in Sinai? What is the real role of the Islamist movements in the dialogues that they speak of with jihadi groups? Has this style of launching dialogue been agreed on before and met with political and popular support?

The most important question is why hasn’t a single politician affiliated with the regime stood up to tell the Egyptians who killed the soldiers in the month of Ramadan last year and why were they killed? The most important of condemnations is linked to accepting to negotiate with the abductors and to the commitment of he who holds the presidency office to seriously look into their demands. Whom are these negotiations being held with? Who accepts to pave way for negotiations with “terrorists? Who is holding these negotiations and why?

My final question is: Will these negotiations prompt anyone who has a problem with the state to kidnap a policeman or a soldier to get what he wants?

Abdel Latif el-MenawyAbdellatif Elmenawy

Have the features of the society around us changed? Have we found out that a person we thought we knew turned out to be different than what we thought he/ she is? Has a wife awakened one day to realize that the father of her children is not the man she’s known for years? There are several questions similar to those, and I think the answer to most of them is “yes,” ever since we have discovered that there is another side to the life we’ve lived and to the people we’ve known.

“Although the Brotherhood exited its secret underground operations, the organization’s secret mentality remains. It still lives within it. The morals of the “prohibited” still govern it.” Abdel Latif el-Menawy

 

This discovery has become deeply-rooted after the Muslim Brotherhood took control over the general scene in Egypt and after it began to emerge as a ruling power.

We suddenly realized that many people around us are either members of the party or sympathizers with it. Some of these people have also discovered that they possessed deep concealed emotions and connections towards the Brotherhood and that the former regime’s cruelty has prevented them from expressing them. This reached the extent that some claimed that their real name is similar to that of one of the Brotherhood’s historical leaders but that they’ve hidden this truth to avoid persecution by the former regime.

These models express the so-called “sleeper cells.” But at this point, we must distinguish between two models. The first model is that of people whom we discovered they are in fact part of the organization but never revealed this truth until the organization came into power. So after the latter became a reality, they abided by the orders made to them and revealed their true stances. The expression “sleeper cells” with its political and organizational context applies to this model. The second model is that of the hypocrite who alleges that he discovered within him sleeper cells that belong to the Brotherhood and that he himself has awakened them! This model does not concern us in today’s speech.

We have heard a lot of the term “sleeper cells.” What is meant by it are those people who live in their societies without revealing the truth of their belonging to a group or organization or intelligence apparatus or another country. Ever since the Brotherhood took over governance in Egypt, we began to discover that the throughout several years, these people have immensely infiltrated state institutions and the society’s fabric. This applies to the current common saying in Egypt “and there is not a single surprise!”

Just like they have made us lose or almost made us lose the ability to dream, it seems that they are also making us lose the ability to be surprised. Our eyebrows do not even rise in surprise when we discover a sleeper cell awakening after the other. I do not know to what extent these people have infiltrated us and possessed members that they direct anytime they decide.

Silent schemes

Although the Brotherhood exited its secret underground operations, the organization’s secret mentality remains. It still lives within it. The morals of the “prohibited” still govern it. Therefore, it is no surprise that it still plants “sleeper cells” in state institutions in order achieve the aim of controlling the latter and eventually achieve “empowerment”. It is the “empowerment” scheme as stated by the documents of the Salsabil issue written by one of their leaders. The latter states that the Brotherhood’s infiltration of efficient state apparatuses must be the basis in which the Brotherhood begins the “conquest of Egypt.”

The Brotherhood began its scheme of planting sleeper cells in vital state institutions at the beginning of the 90’s upon the recommendations of Mustafa Mashhur, the brotherhood’s fifth general guide. These sleeper cells are saturated in all executive posts within the state. People in these posts are prohibited from revealing their identities because their role is represented in supporting the organization indirectly.

Some confirm that they have confirmed information regarding the Brotherhood’s plan to plant sleeper cells in the ministry of interior by assigning 20,000 lawyers in the civil vacant posts at the ministry in order for the brotherhood to control the police apparatus. Al-Azhar too is under the threat that the brotherhood’s clerics may control this ancient religious institution. Crises occurring within Al-Azhar are not isolated from sleeper cells. Toppling its imam is a Brotherhood demand that will not be achieved without causing a crisis.

Sometimes, things seem very complicated and a solution for them seems far from achieving. Yet all we can do is keep going.

millenniumdamAbdel Latif el-Menawy

Three years ago I warned of the water crisis and the Renaissance Dam via a series of articles. I traveled to Ethiopia and Eretria and met with late Ethiopian premier Meles Zenawi and Eritrean president Isaias Afewerki in an attempt to communicate and provide the public with the opportunity to know what’s going on. I have also done so out of my belief that journalism always has a role that when played properly and within the boundaries of national goals especially on foreign fronts, it can be a factor that helps achieving solutions. Back then, my concern was the crisis threatening Egypt; a war over the Nile’s water.

So I went to Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan in an attempt to get a clearer picture and understand. Our problem is that we always have a prejudgment on people and certain issues, and such an attitude sometimes leads us to the wrong conclusions. My aim was to understand what is currently going on regarding the Nile water war, to understand the reason for the Ethiopian stance and to understand where we currently stand regarding this matter.

Back then, the suggested solution was that Egypt will not allow building any dams that affect its share of water. The international law actually stands on Egypt’s side regarding this point. At the same time, however, as studies were conducted to establish dams on the Nile from upstream countries, Egypt showed its willingness to contribute and cooperate in establishing them as long as no harm is done to Egyptian national security interests. I believe this is right path towards resolving this crisis: cooperating, studying and negotiating at the same time.

The nine countries that share the Nile with Egypt are considered unstable countries which are incapable of launching giant projects on the river or incapable of agricultural land reclamation. These countries also suffer from local crises. Some of them suffer from civil wars, tribal struggles and economic problems.

Huge projects also require international funding which cannot be provided without feasible studies approved by all countries that benefit from the river. Egypt’s entrance to deal with this crisis comes here. This point as well brings up the probability that there is no imminent danger that threatens the Nile’s flow to Egypt in the foreseeable future.

Political moves

During that phase, Egypt made several political moves. The most important of them was Egypt’s concern over its strong ties with the Nile countries particularly Ethiopia which is connected through the river to Egypt and Sudan. Another move was Egypt’s concern that developing the resources of the water cannot be carried out without the effective participation of all three countries since most of the Nile Basin countries enjoy more than one source of water. Egypt’s share of rainfall however does not exceed 20 millimeters whilst in some of the Nile Basin countries, it can reach 20,000 millimeters. This means that Egypt suffers from a water deficit that reached more than 30%. It overcomes this deficit through recycling water. On this basis, we must know that any expense, burden or effort carried out in the area of the Nile Basin countries is not a waste of resources but a form of direct colonization in the future. And therefore, cooperating and strengthening ties with these countries is an important fateful issue.

“We must understand that any expense, burden or effort carried out in the area of the Nile Basin countries is not a waste of resources but a form of direct colonization in the future.” Abdel Latif el-Menawy

 

This is why the presidential initiative back then to establish a commission for the Nile Basin countries was important regardless of signing the Nile Basin Initiative now among the Nile Basin countries. Another important move was the concern not to escalate the rhetoric when addressing this issue yet emphasize that Egypt’s historical rights of the Nile water are nonnegotiable.

But at the same time, some of us must not be carried away with enthusiasm or with the desire to achieve fake heroic acts and end up escalating the rhetoric to reach the extent of making threats and sounding the drums of a war when there are no drums! The issue must be resolved through maintaining patience, resuming negotiations and emphasizing that the concept of cooperation is the basis to compensate what was lost and the basis to maintain our rights that will not be harmed.

Although it has been three years since all of this, the group ruling Egypt drowned in its failure, greed and fake renaissance and drowned us with it.

According to media reports, the Brotherhood has not yet awaken from its slumber and is still studying the experts’ commission’s final report on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. The report will be submitted before the end of May in order to be put before the presidents of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. The report indicates that Ethiopian studies on the dam “are incomplete.” This is the same conclusion drawn by the experts’ commission’s last progress report. A practical study has also confirmed that the expected results from establishing the dam will be “disastrous” and will lead to displacing millions of Egyptian families.

Amidst all this, what is really strange and what really raises a lot of questions is that the prime minister who is supposed to be aware of the repercussions of the upcoming water crisis since he served as chief of two ministers’ offices for five years and then later served minister of irrigation has in fact added salt to the wound and further drowned us in the Nile crisis.

430141_148983255224099_601152695_aAbdel Latif el-Menawy

What is certain is that Egypt’s current management of the state is a failure par excellence. I even expect that the Brotherhood’s style of governance will be used as a model to teach future generations how to avoid failure, how not to rule a country. This is neither an incrimination against it nor an underestimation of it. This is truly a description that fits the reality anyone with a vision can see. It fits a reality denied by those who sold themselves out to achieve small temporary aims at the expense of the country and its general interest. There have been plenty of men of the latter kind throughout all eras.

When the Brotherhood took over – whatever the means were – optimists thought it was a group rich with cadres whose rights have been violated for decades. Optimists thought that in addition to these “powerful” cadres, the Brotherhood would also make use of supportive powerful international relations in order to succeed in its first, and most important, governing experience.

“Egypt as a state is getting poorer under the shadow of the Brotherhood whilst the latter is getting richer. This will not go unpunished” Abdel Latif el-Menawy

Among the optimists were people who thought that the Brotherhood would not remain captive to grudges of the past and that it would begin to cooperate with all political and social parties to unite them under the aim of setting the country on the path to progress.

The optimists hoped that the Brotherhood would be a unifying national coalition that would lead the country through the phase of rebuilding.

Previous expectations from the Brotherhood were those of optimists. These optimists were of two kinds. The first kind falls under the category of the “deceived.” They are those who did not know much about the Brotherhood’s history, intellect and truth as a group that only rejects others upon conditions. Those cannot be blamed for anything because it is not a must that all people know all details about the Brotherhood. The other type falls under the category of the “deceivers.” They are those who know the truth of the Brotherhood but, for personal aims and vendettas, ignored what they knew and contributed to putting us all in trouble and later apologized after they, and their aims, were harmed. The apology, however, came too late or, as it is said, it came “after the axe struck the head.”

The few who knew the Brotherhood’s truth and history fell in the category of pessimists. This pessimism was an expression of reality rather than of a political stance. Some of those pessimists kept silent and waited out of fear of being accused as being against the Brotherhood.Whilst those who announced their position were fiercely criticized and attacked by the Brotherhood’s followers.

The big reveal

It didn’t take long for the Brotherhood to reveal its truth. Those who supported the Brotherhood for personal aims realized the trick played on them so they retreated and apologized for supporting the Brotherhood although they were aware of its truth. But this came too late.

The truth is, the Brotherhood has failed all Egyptians except its followers. It quickly revealed the truth of its emptiness. We have heard plenty of promises but when the time came there was nothing but failure. Talks on the numerous cadres and experts were nothing more than fanfare. We only saw very few of them. This either means that these are all they’ve got or that the others refuse to participate because they realize there is mismanagement that will lead to a farce. As for the talks on billions, they were nothing more than lost billions. The Brotherhood’s cabinet is attempting to gain a few billions – less than five – which represents ten percent of Egypt’s reserves that were lost in two years. The Brotherhood also attempts to convince naive people of fake achievements and victories because the International Monetary Fund delegation accepted to visit Egypt or because one of the latter’s members positively indicated that negotiations may succeed. I do not think it is unlikely that the day of the Monetary Fund’s approval of the loan will be announced as a national occasion that the Brotherhood celebrates. The Brotherhood’s cabinet may even consider the day of the approval of the loan as an official holiday.

They deceive the naive and tell them approving the loan is a birth certificate and an act that displays trust in the Egyptian economy. They do not tell them that Egypt has removed the term “borrowing” from its glossary since the mid 90s. The Brotherhood runs the state as per its interests and regional alliances. This is why the man holding the post of the prime minister rushed to Qatar to break the ice surrounding relations. He also committed and took it upon himself to resolve the problems of their businessmen who have direct relations with the Brotherhood’s leaders and representatives at state institutions including the presidency. Our brother, the Egyptian prime minister announced from the Qatari capital his commitment to facilitate Qataris’ investments and businesses. This stance is not rejected if it is one adopted towards all countries, particularly towards those that have huge investments in Egypt. But on the other hand, we find that state institutions are exploiting their capabilities to obstruct and eventually kick out investors who come from other countries that lack warmth and friendliness on the level of their relations with theBrotherhood.

Investors facing problems in Egypt

It is enough to look and observe the problems that, for example, Emirati investments are facing? I think that plenty know the size of problems these investments and investors are facing in Egypt. They in fact do know that they are paying the price for the tense relations between the Brotherhood and the government of the Emirates. The tense relations are a result of the Brotherhood’s activity that opposes the government there and that attempts to harm the situation there. And so these investments became a hostage of this tension. And of course the Brotherhood’s permanent slogan is “Egypt shouldn’t even matter,” as their former supreme guide once put it. And so the Brotherhood’s management of the state squanders billions, it attempts to develop relations with other countries according to its interests and not the state’s.

As for managing domestic affairs, the Brotherhood, through all its representatives, managed to divide the people. All their members contributed to this and so the Egyptians positioned themselves in different trenches preparing for battles that some warned may turn into a civil war.

Meanwhile, the Brotherhood is busy controlling everything in the country. It is busy enabling itself to restrain institutions and eliminating all those who have different stances. Most of those who currently deal with the Brotherhood are aware that their presence is a temporary one linked to the fact they are needed for now. They are aware that they will be gotten rid of once there is no need for them.

The current situation of the state in Egypt is strange. It is not only a case of failed management. Another important aspect is that Egypt as a state is getting poorer under the shadow of the Brotherhood whilst the latter is getting richer. This will not go unpunished. A day will come when the Brotherhood will be held accountable. But unfortunately, it does not seem that this will be soon.